Gender pay gap
NCHA is committed to the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment for all colleagues, regardless of sex, race, religion or belief, age, marriage or civil partnership, pregnancy/maternity, sexual orientation, gender reassignment or disability. As such we use a gender neutral job evaluation scheme to grade roles and determine pay.
We are required by law to publish an annual gender pay gap report. The figures below come from our most recent snapshot, which was taken at 5 April 2021.
Facts and figures
- The mean gender pay gap is 12.9%
- The median gender pay gap is 19.5%
- The mean gender bonus gap is 8.4%
- The median gender bonus gap is 0%
- The proportion of male colleagues in NCHA receiving a bonus is 85% and the proportion of female colleagues receiving a bonus is 85%.
- 27% of people in the lower pay quartile are men, and 73% are women
- 30% of people in the lower middle pay quartile are men, and 70% are women
- 41% of people in the upper middle pay quartile are men, and 59% are women
- 44% of people in the upper pay quartile are men, and 56% are women.
These figures have been calculated using the methodologies used in the Equality Act 2010 (Gender Pay Gap Information) Regulations 2017.
The gender pay gap results have improved significantly this year (mean pay gap has reduced from 16.24% to 12.9%):
- A deeper dive into the data tells us that the gender pay gap has decreased in the upper two quartiles since last year, which is why we have not managed to reduce the mean average percentage gap this year.
- Other good news is that for this reporting period we have increased the number of women in property services and elsewhere in higher paid roles.
- This year, eligible colleagues received a bonus for the effort made in supporting our customers and business through the pandemic. The average bonus gender pay gap was 8.4%, predominantly caused by the greater numbers of woman working reduced hours and, therefore, receiving a lower bonus, because the payment was made pro-rata.
Why we have a gender pay gap
Most of the issues that contribute to NCHA's gender pay gap are reflected in the UK economy and are not unique to NCHA:
- Women are under-represented in more senior roles at NCHA. Our workforce on the date of the snapshot is made up of 65% women. Women occupy 61% of managerial roles, and the percentage of those at executive and senior leadership groups has risen from 33% to 42%. So whilst the picture is improving, there is still work to do. This picture is replicated across the UK economy, as women are less likely to hold senior roles and more likely to be in frontline roles.
- Occupational segregation, which remains what we consider to be the main reason for our GPG results. Women are over-represented in lower paid care roles in NCHA. This is reflected in the fact that women are over-represented in the lowest quartiles, if there were an even distribution of women across our pay quartiles, then we’d expect to see 8% fewer women in the lower pay quartile.
- More women than men are part time. We know from previous years that the number of jobs performed on a part time or zero hour basis is higher in the lower quartile (around 49%) compared to the upper quartile (18%). However this differential is reducing and the move towards hybrid working may positively impact employment choices and flexibility.
- Current pay arrangements: a review of the data by quartiles shows that our pay gaps are not just a female representation issue. We don’t have any pay gap in the lower quartiles. The gaps start in the upper quartile, with the biggest gaps being in the upper quartile.
The gender pay gap is different to equal pay
Equal pay deals with the pay differences between men and women who carry out the same jobs, similar jobs or work of equal value. It is unlawful to pay people unequally because they are a man or a woman. The gender pay gap shows the difference in the average pay between all men and women in a workforce.
NCHA is committed to the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment for all colleagues, regardless of sex, race, religion or belief, age, marriage or civil partnership, pregnancy/maternity, sexual orientation, gender reassignment or disability. As such, we use a gender neutral job evaluation scheme to grade roles and determine pay.
Our gender pay gap is the result of the roles in which men and women work within the organisation and the salaries that these roles attract.
Across the UK economy, men are more likely than women to be in senior roles (especially very senior roles at the top of organisations), while women are more likely than men to be in frontline roles at the lower end of an organisation. Women are also more likely than men to have had breaks from work that have affected their career progression, for example to bring up children. Women are also more likely to work part time, and part time work is often concentrated at lower ends of the pay spectrum.
This pattern from the UK economy as a whole is reflected in the make-up of NCHA's workforce, where the majority of frontline colleagues are women, while the majority of line manager and senior manager roles are held by men.
Addressing the gender pay gap
We will, over the next two years (from April 2022 onwards):
- Continue to increase the representation of women in higher paid positions including managerial roles through use of initiatives like the Rooney Rule
- Increase the number of men working in care and support and women in property services through apprenticeships
- Continue to use anonymised applicant data to reduce unconscious bias in recruitment
- Continue to monitor workforce data to understand the impact of our recruitment processes on appointments to people manager roles in relation to gender and ethnicity
- Review and simplify our pay and terms and conditions arrangements (this has already started and will continue in the coming two years).
We'll continue working with colleagues, trade unions, the EDI Panel and relevant forums to achieve these goals.